The paper discusses the two milestones of the land ownership legislation in Georgia.
In Georgia, land is under state, private, municipal and church ownership and a large portion of the land is still under state ownership. Land privatisation processes officially started in 1992 and still continue to the present day. Previously, land in Georgia was in the sole ownership of the government whilst during the Soviet period, it was under common possession belonging to all people. After gaining independence in 1991, the government began the introduction of private institutions and the privatisation of state property became a priority.
The process and development of private land ownership can be divided into two phases. The first comprises agricultural land reform which started in 1992 and continued to the end of 1998. The second encompasses the privatisation of agricultural land that was initiated in July 2005 and is on-going.